By John H. Foote
“Attica was fear …” – former inmate
The first time I heard the word “Attica”, it was from Al Pacino as Sonny in the superb Sidney Lumet film Dog Day Afternoon (1975). In the scene, he is grandstanding in front of the bank he and his partner are robbing, as the police are edging ever closer. Seeing this, he screams at them to get back, and begins chanting “Attica! Attica!” to the thrill of the crowds gathering to watch what is fast becoming a circus.
At the time of its release in 1975, the Attica riots were still fresh in the minds of all New Yorkers and Americans, making the scene even more powerful and drawing incendiary reactions.
The riots that took place September 9-13, 1971, saw prisoners taking control of the institution, using guards as hostages, and making clear to the world the vile and inhumane conditions within the prison. It seemed to be a place where cruelty, sadism and torture were sport for the guards.
Using archival footage, beautifully restored, with accounts from witnesses recalling the riot and their role in it, the film vividly brings to life an event now almost half-a-century old. Incredibly, prisoners of North American prisons complain about some of the same issues today. The convicts, now anywhere from 60-80 years old, make clear their hatred of Attica, their disdain for the guards, and their fierce pride about bringing the attentions of the world to a small upstate New York town and the prison that sustained so many families in the town. As General Motors was to Oshawa, Ontario, so was Attica to New York.
For three days, prisoners roamed freely inside the walls of Attica, absent any rules, direction or oversight. We hear about the tight bonds that grew between the prisoners and their hostages, and the fact that the prisoners chose to bestow decent treatment on the hostages rather than retribution for treatment they had received. The witnesses talk freely of that treatment—including late night visit to their cells by big men, there to lay a beating on you. Fighting back meant the beating got worse. The violent goons are exposed in these vivid recounts.
Racism ran rampant in the prison reaching all the way to the White House, where President Nixon cracked wise about the percentage of blacks in the prison (70%) compared to the general population (30%). Simply put, the men were considered animals and treated as such. To be an inmate of Attica was to be degraded, dehumanized.
In the end, as the prisoners negotiated with the police in return for the hostages, their demands were basic and simple. They wanted decent food, hygiene essentials and a reasonable quality of life. Expecting payback, they asked for blanket amnesty for the entire prison population.
The world watched, courtesy of live news reporting, as the world changed a tiny bit day by day. Attica represents so much more than words chanted by an actor in a film. This is a superb documentary.
John H. Foote is a well-recognized Canadian film critic/historian who has been an active critic for 30 years. His deep love for the movies began at a very young age. He began his career as co-host of the popular TV show Reel to Real where he remained for nine years. While on TV he began dabbling in education, eventually ascending to Director of the Toronto Film School, where he also taught film history. After leaving the college to care for his wife, he returned to teaching at Humber College where he taught both Film History and Method Acting Theory. John has written two books: “Clint Eastwood – Evolution of a Filmmaker” and the upcoming “Spielberg – American Film Visionary”. He is currently working on two books, one about the films of the seventies and another on the films of Martin Scorsese. Through his career he has worked in TV, radio, print and the web. John has interviewed everyone in the industry (more than 300 interviews) except Jack Nicholson, he says sadly. Highlights include Martin Scorsese, Tom Cruise, Meryl Streep Robert Duvall, Jane Fonda, Francis Ford Coppola and Kathryn Bigelow.